Withdrawal Agreement And Political Declaration On The Future Eu-Uk Relations
The declaration on the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom, also known as the Political Declaration, is a non-binding declaration, negotiated and signed at the same time as the mandatory and broader withdrawal agreement on the uk`s withdrawal from the European Union (EU), known as Brexit, and the planned end of the transition period. The Commission and the UK Government agreed, at the negotiating level, on the draft withdrawal agreement. On 22 November 2018, they agreed on the political declaration setting the framework for future relations between the EU and the UK. On 25 November 2018, the European Council (Article 50) formally approved both documents. The withdrawal agreement came into force on 1 February 2020, after being adopted on 17 October 2019, at the same time as the political declaration setting the framework for the future partnership between the EU and the UK. 7.In summer of 2017, the two sides agreed on the order of negotiations. They would first look at exit, starting with three specific areas arising from the UK`s exit: the protection of civil rights after Brexit, the financial settlement and issues related to the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. They also agreed that “sufficient progress” was needed on these withdrawal issues before discussions could be initiated on the second element of Article 50, namely the framework for future relations between the EU and the UK. The withdrawal agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which time the UK will remain in the internal market, to ensure the smooth flow of trade until a long-term relationship is concluded. If no agreement is reached by then, the UK will leave the single market without a trade deal on 1 January 2021.
The withdrawal agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on future relations between the EU and the UK. On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government were presented, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  On 19 October, a statement was also made to Parliament that a political agreement had been reached. This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union, which defines the procedure for the withdrawal of an EU member state, thus opening a two-year countdown to withdrawal. 17.The government`s commitment has been variable throughout the Brexit process. There have been positive developments and we thank the current Secretary of State for leaving the European Union, Rt Hon Stephen Barclay MP, for his constructive approach to the three occasions he presented to the Committee; We are also grateful to the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Rt Hon Michael Gove MP, for attending our meeting to discuss the “No Deal” planning on September 9, 2019.