It was established by the International Convention on the Conservation and Management of Large Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPF Agreement), which came into force on 19 June 2004.  The WCPF Convention is the second regional fisheries management agreement negotiated since the conclusion of the UN fisheries agreement in 1995. After four years of complex negotiations between the Western and Central Pacific coastal states and the national fishing states, the Convention on the Conservation and Management of Large Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean was opened for signature on September 5, 2000 in Honolulu. The agreement is one of the first regional fisheries agreements adopted since the conclusion of the UN Fisheries Resources Agreement in 1995. The agreement also provides for specific provisions for the participation of fishing facilities and areas within the area covered by the agreement. On September 5, 2000, Chinese Taipei signed the agreement on the participation of fishing organizations. On 2 November 2004, Chinese Taipei informed the custodian, in accordance with the agreement, that it had met its national requirements and had agreed to be bound by the convention under Article 9, paragraph 2, and to participate in the Commission as a member. On 19 December 2003, New Zealand reported that Tokelupes are allowed to participate in the Commission and its subsidiary bodies, in accordance with Article 43. Australia, China, Canada, Cook Islands, European Union, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, France, Indonesia, Japan, Kiribati, Republic of Korea, Republic of Korea, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Chinese Taipei, Tonga, Tuvalu, United States of America, Vanatuu. . The status of stocks under the Commission`s control is summarised informally in the issI state report.  Commission decisions are generally taken by mutual agreement, but the WCPFC convention also provides for a bicameral voting mechanism, with the Member States of the Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA) constituting a chamber.
The agreement was signed by the states for a 12-month share as of September 5, 2000. who participated in the high-level multilateral conference on the conservation and management of large migratory fish stocks in the Western and Central Pacific, namely: Australia, Canada, China, Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji Islands, France, Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Kiribati, Republic of the Marshall Islands, Republic of Nauru, New Zealand, Republic of Palau, Independent State of Papua New Guinea , Republic of the Philippines, Republic of Korea, Independent State of Samoa, Solomon Islands, Kingdom of Tonga, Tuvalu, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland with respect to Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands, United States of America and Republic of Vanuatu. The custodian of the convention is the New Zealand government. Fishing Organization Participation Scheme (14.18 KB) Large migratory fish stocks, defined as all species stocks listed in Schedule I of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: . Resolution II thanks the governments of the Solomon Islands, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, Japan and the United States of America. (6.78 KB) The Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) is an organization that conserves and manages tuna and other large migratory fish stocks in the western and central Pacific Ocean. Its full name is Commission for the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean.